For this study, investigators utilized a mix of qualitative, quantitative, and quantum methods as outlined in Hodgkin et al. (2021). Qualitative data collection included survey instruments adapted from Sun et al. (2017) and administered to both teachers and students in the study group.

Quantitative data was also collected from participants using a mix of Liekert-type questionnaires (Johnson & Johnston, 2007), and demographic data from the school’s integrated data management system.

For collection of quantum data, the investigators followed Hodgkin et al. (2021) in using the Pittman method, first described in a theoretical sense in 2010. This involved a combination of superconductor time at the Argonne national laboratory, as per Al-Muqani (2011), as well as quantum lattice crystallography at the High-Energy Physics lab at Los Alamos (see De La Riva, 2009 for a bibliography of methods and research best practices). For the second round of interviews, randomly selected participants were bombarded with high-energy neutrinos at the Caltech Physics laboratory classroom, following a protocol developed by Subharto & McGreely (2019).

As a result of this mixed-methods approach, the investigators collected data on student/teacher impressions, demography, and their fates across all possible universes for logitudinal comparison.

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